Although cancer is quite rare in children, it is the most common cause of death among children. It is estimated that each year, about 15,780 children between 0- 19 years are diagnosed with cancer. Every year there are more than 3,00,000 children diagnosed with cancer around the world. Every 3 minutes, a family hears that the child is diagnosed with cancer. The most common types of cancer that a child develops include leukemias, brain and central nervous system tumors, and lymphomas.
Even though the survival rates of childhood cancer have improved greatly, the improvement is for few cancers. Although the causes of childhood cancer remain unknown, it is said that, 10% of cancers are due to hereditary mutations.
In September 2018, WHO announced the WHO Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer, with the aim of reaching at least 60% survival rate for children with cancer by 2030.